In the article the publication of works of Taras Shevchenko in Ukrainian literary anthologies. It says that after the publication of the first book "Kobzar" 1840 his poems appeared in literary anthologies and collections. Highlighted specifics almanacs as non-periodical collections broad meaning, ordered a certain theme, genre or stylistic grounds, given their importance in shaping public consciousness during the formation of the new Ukrainian literature. Detailed analysis of those Ukrainian almanacs, containing works by Shevchenko and saw the light on his support: "Swallow," "New Moon", "Home", in particular the idea of creation, compilers publications, work execution, who was involved in the publication, popularity among readers. Investigated and publications, which were published after the death of Taras Shevchenko (Almanac "Luna"). The attention to consolidating their creative forces Ukrainian writers enrichment stylistic tendencies of literature, its achievements and prospects.